How should we take refuge in Allah from the wickedness of jinn?
We are face to face with a creature that we know nothing about. In that case, we are supposed to take refuge in Allah, who created both humanity and them, so that we are protected from their wickedness and from the harm they can give. There is one way for it: prayer and supplication. Since prayers that should normally be a part of our lives will make us close to Allah, demons and jinn will not be able to disturb us. They also have groups, communities and organizations. Because their good ones will benefit from our prayers, they will also struggle against wicked ones and will try to prevent them and even fight and punish them. Therefore, prayer and supplication are very important for protection from jinn and devils.
If a person is on wudu (ablution) in his daily life, he will be protected from them; if he performs daily prayers and reads other prayers, he will be guaranteed for protection. The following is reported from the Prophet (by Haris al-Ash'ari ): “God demanded you to mention Allah’s names (dhikr). Its example is a man followed by an enemy. That man gets into a safe stronghold and protects himself from the enemy. The servant (man) is the same. He can protect himself from demon by dhikr (mentioning Allah’s names). (Tirmizi, Amthal, 3, (2867).) Now I want to show some examples of the prayers which the Prophet and his companions read.
Auzu – Basmala
The following is mentioned in the Quran about that: “If Satan tempts you, seek refuge in Allah” (41:36.) That is, say “Auzu billahi mina’sh-shaytani’r-rajim” (I seek refuge in Allah) from the accursed Satan) It is also recommended to take refuge in Allah with the verses in surah al-Muminoon “Rabbi auzu bika min hamazati’sh-Shayatin wa auzu bika Rabbi an yahdurun” It means; O Lord! I seek refuge in you from the evil suggestions of the Satans. And I seek refuge in you, O my Lord, from their presence. .”(23:97-98.)
While getting into the house
Another hadith reported from Jabir about Basmala points to the importance of saying basmala while getting into houses and before having a meal.” The Prophet said: “If a person says basmala, when he returns his house, gets into house and before the meal, Satan says to his friends ‘you cannot stay overnight here and there is no food for you’ However, if the person says it before getting in but does not say it before dinner, Satan says: ‘You can have dinner but it is impossible to stay overnight’ However, if the person does not say basmala while getting into the house and before eating, Satan says ‘You can have dinner and stay overnight here.” ( Muslim, Ashriba, 103, (2018); Abu Dawud, At'ima, 16, (3765).)
While getting out of the house
Saying basmala before getting into the house protects us from the wickedness of the Satan and keeps him away from the house. It is clear that a man needs to be protected in the street too. Saying auzu basmala is necessary for it. However, the Prophet was not contended with just auzu basmala and added some other prayers. In a hadith reported by Abu Hurayra, the Prophet says: “If anyone who goes out of his house says:”in the name of the Allah I seek refuge in Allah, He has the power”, he is replied: “Go ahead you are led to the right way and you are protected”. The Satan stays away from him.”(Tirmizi, Daawat, 34, (3422) Surah Al-Baqara: ayatul-kursi and amanar-rasulu In a hadith reported by Abu Hurayra, The Prophet says: ”do not turn your houses into graves, The Satan runs away from the house in which surah al-Baqara is read” (Muslim, Misafirin, 212, (780) In another hadith it is told that those two verses are “Amana’r-rasulu, the last two verses of surah al-Baqara.(Tirmizi, Sawabu’l-Qur’an, 4/2882)
In bed, before sleeping
There are several prayers that the Prophet read in bed before sleeping. In a hadith about the issue reported by Burayda, the Prophet says: “O the Lord of the seven Heavens and those shadowed by Heavens, the Lord of the Earths and those that live on them, the Lord of the demons and those tempted by demons! Protect me from the wickedness of all those creatures. Protect me so that none of them can attack me suddenly. One who is protected by you surely becomes great. Your praise is great, there is no God but you and you are the only God (Tirmizi, Daawat, 96, (3518).)
When scared in the sleep
According to a report from Imam Malik, Khalid Ibnu Walid asked the Prophet: “I get scared in my sleep (what do you suggest me to do?). The Prophet advised to him to pray like this: “I seek refuge in Allah from the wrath and anger of Him, from the wickedness of people, from the suggestions and from the temptations of the demons” (Muwatta, Shi’r, 9, (2, 950).)
While getting into the toilet.
Toilets, dumps, baths, cemeteries, ruins are places frequently haunted by jinn and demons. The Prophet would read this prayer while getting into the toilet: “Allahumma inni auzu bika mina'l khubthi ve'l-khabaith. (O Lord I seek refuge in you from filth and from wicked creatures (like jinn and demon). (Bukhari, Wudu, 9
Takbir, tasbih, tahmid Tasbihat (glorifications)
Following daily prayers can be done in a mosque or in any place where we perform prayer and can also be done while walking in the street, while driving, in the bed before sleeping. The following is mentioned about the issue in the Quran; “Those who remember Allah, standing, sitting and lying down on their sides and meditate upon the creation of the heavens and the earth." (Aal-e-Imran, 3/191.)
Tasbihat should never be abandoned and should be done wherever we are. The Prophet says that the Satan makes people remember their daily works and make them perform the prayer quickly and haphazardly and make them go straight to their work or fall asleep without doing tasbihat.
La ilaha illallahu wahdahu la-sharika lah,
It is one of prayer tasbihat in the level of supplication. The Prophet said in a hadith reported by Abu Hurayra “A person who says the prayer: ‘La ilaha illallahu wahdahu la-sharika lah, lahu'l mulku wa lahu'l-hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shay'in qadir’ one hundred times a day gains the reward of setting ten slaves and gains one hundred good deeds and one hundred sins of hisher are erased. It also protects himher from the Satan for three days until evening. (Bukhari, Daawat, 54)
Surah al-Ikhlas against suggestions of the Satan
In a hadith, a suggestion of the Satan is mentioned and it is advised to read surah al-Ikhlas and spit three times towards the left side.
Muawwizatayn (Surahs an-Nas and al-Falaq)
It is said that The Prophet read surahs al-Falaq and an-Nas and advised his companions and his wife Aisha to read them in order to be protected from the wickedness of jinn.
A hadith reported by Hazrat Aisha is as follows: “When the Prophet got into his bed blew into his hands and read Muawwizatayn and al-Ikhlas and rubbed his hands his face and his body with his hands and repeated that three times. When he got, sick he demanded me to do the same thing to him.” (Bukhari, Fazailu'l-Qur'an, 14)