The Importance and Advantages of Ghusl
It is fard for every sane person who has reached the age of puberty to make ghusl when a state that necessitates ghusl takes place. Along with spiritual and otherworldly benefits, there are many material advantages and good sides of ghusl. Therefore, Islam gives great importance to ghusl.
When man fulfills this religious duty, he both attracts the love and consent of Allah and gains health and welfare materially.
Ghusl is also penance for minor sins. The Prophet said to Anas bin Malik,
"O Anas! Exaggerate when you make ghusl. Thus, you will leave the bathroom in a state of having been purified form your sins and faults." Hazrat Anas said,
"O Messenger of Allah! How shall I exaggerate?" The Prophet replied,
"Wet the hair roots and eliminate the dirt from the skin."
Since the state of janabah prevents a person from worshipping and it is a state of spiritual impurity, it makes a believer uneasy, restless and depressed. It is reported in some narrations that the earth feels disgusted by the people who walk on it while they are junub and complains to Allah about them. There are also narrations stating that angels of mercy will not go near junub people. Therefore, the righteous people and the people who have taqwa have always hurried to get rid of the state of janabah and avoided spending the whole night in the state of janabah. The following is stated in a hadith: “If a person goes to bed in a state of purity (without needing ghusl and on wudu) and his hands, feet and mouth free of dirt, give him glad tidings that he will gain the degree of martyrdom if he dies that night.” It is the taqwa aspect of the issue.
It does not mean that a person who is junub brings bad luck and he is dirty and impure materially. It cannot be said that one must not meet and speak to a junub person. What matters is to make ghusl before the time of prayer ends if that person has not performed that prayer. A person who needs ghusl can delay making ghusl if he does not miss the prayer and can do anything except the things that are haram for a junub person. That is the fatwa aspect of the issue.
Once Abu Hurayra, who was in a state of janabah, met the Messenger of Allah but he immediately went away because he felt embarrassed to be near him like that and returned after making ghusl. When the Messenger of Allah asked him where he had gone, he explained the situation. Then, the Messenger of Allah said to Abu Hurayra,
"Subhanallah, can a believer be najis (impure)?"
As it can be understood from this hadith, a junub person is not in a state that nobody can meet and talk to or who is in impurity and inauspiciousness. What matters is to make ghusl before the time of prayer ends if that person has not performed that prayer A person can delay making ghusl if he does not miss the prayer and can do anything except the things that are haram for a junub person. That is the fatwa aspect of the issue.
Then, the people that the earth feels disgusted by and the angels of mercy do not approach are the people who ignore the state of janabah and who always walk around while they are junub.
The positive effect making ghusl has on the health of man is explained as follows:
Ejaculation (orgasm) is a physiological event that mobilizes the whole nervous system and that shakes the whole organism. During sexual intercourse, a great amount of cell destruction takes place. The number of breaths increases since all of the respiratory and circulatory organs are involved. Blood circulation accelerates. The effort exerted during it is equal to the one exerted while running one thousand and five hundred meters. Or, in other words, it is as tiring as running up to the seventh floor of a building.
After the sexual intercourse, the body feels terribly tired and exhausted. It feels as if it has carried a heavy load. The body, which undergoes great cell destruction and a shock, feels relaxed and easy after making ghusl. The body feels robust and energetic again.
Therefore, ghusl is a perfect cleaning that gives man material and spiritual ease and calm.