We see that some people slaughter a sacrifice on behalf of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Is it permissible to slaughter a sacrifice on behalf of people who passed away?
1- It is permissible to slaughter a sacrifice on behalf of a dead person or in order to donate the reward to the deceased. A person can donate to various charity organizations as well as having a slaughter sacrifice with the aim of donating its reward to his deceased mother/father or to his other relatives. If there is not a will of the deceased person concerning the slaughter of the sacrifice, then the person who slaughters a sacrifice may let the poor or the rich to eat the meat of the sacrifice. If there is a will, then the meat should be given to or let be eaten by the poor.
2- A person can perform worshipping including the ritual animal sacrifice in order to donate their reward to the deceased. The sacrifice which is to be slaughtered for the deceased can be slaughtered on the days of Eid or any other days.
The sacrifices which would be slaughtered on behalf of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) can be evaluated in this context. It is permissible to slaughter a sacrifice for the purpose of donating the reward to his blessed spirit. Ibn Umar used to perform Umrah and donate its reward to Prophet Muhammad’s spirit. Junayd Baghdadi and his counterpart Ibnul Muwaffaq performed seventy times of Hajj and donated its reward to the spirit of prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Ibn Siraj also completed reciting of the holy Qur’an (Khatm) for ten thousand times, slaughtered sacrifices as much as that number and donated their rewards to Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) blessed spirit. (Ibn Abidin 2/244)
However, it is not a nice manner to collect money for the slaughter of sacrifice on behalf of Hz. Muhammad (PBUH). Whoever wants to slaughter a sacrifice for this purpose should do it on his own.
There is no difference between the animals we slaughter during the Eid al Adha and the animals we would like to donate the reward of a sacrifice on behalf of one of our deceased relative or a person whom we love. It is not an obligation to slaughter a sacrifice for the deceased unless it is his/her will. A person can eat the meat of an animal which was bought by his own money for the purpose of donation on behalf of a deceased. He can also let it be eaten by others. It is not compulsory to sacrifice such an animal during the days of Eid. It can be slaughtered at any time. Besides, it would be better to slaughter a sacrifice and distribute it to the poor on the day of Eve. The poor can also have a chance of having meat on the day of Eid Al Adha. If it is slaughtered and distributed on the eve, they will have the meat to eat on that day.
If a person willed slaughtering a sacrifice after his death, it is necessary to slaughter that animal during the days of Eid. A man, who slaughters such a sacrifice, cannot eat from its meat. All the meat should be donated. If there is no will of the deceased man and the sacrifice animal is bought with the money of that man, then this sacrifice animal is just like the animal that is willed to be sacrificed.
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