What can I do to be saved from forgetfulness?
In order to get rid of memory impairment (forgetfulness) and to improve the intelligence, the following supplications are recited.
Firstly, this supplication is recited 9 times. “Bismillahirrahmanirrahim, Fardun, Hayyun, Qayyumun, Hakamun, Adlun, Quddusun. Iyyaka na’budu wa iyyaka nastain. Inna fatahna laka fathan mubina.”
And, “Ya kabiru antalladhi la tahdil uqulı liwasfi adhamati.” is recited 1000 times.
After that: “Subhana rabbiyal a’la.” is recited. Then, “Subhana minannaril aflaqi, biadhkaril emlaki kama tuskinul ardha biadhkarizzakirina, qala li adhkari himilatin lil mahmulina, wa maskanatin lil miskinine, wa muharrikatin lil mutahharrikina, subhana man huva kulla yawmin huwa fi sha’nin.” is recited.
And after that what is required is demanded and these are recited: “Ya qiyasal mustaqisina wala havla wala quwwata illa billahil aliyyil adhim.” (Majmuatul Ahdhab).
Hazrat Ibnu Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that: “Hazrat Ali Ibnu Abu Talib (may Allah be pleased with him) came to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and said: “My mum and dad be sacrificed for you, I cannot keep that holy Qur’an in my mind. I cannot find myself strong enough to memorize it.” The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) answered him as follows:
“O Abul Hussein (the father of Hussein)! (Regarding this matter) Shall I teach you some words that Allah will utilize for you and will be beneficial for someone you taught and you will be able to keep it in your mind?”
Hazrat Ali (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “Yes, O Messenger of Allah, please teach me!” Thereupon, Hazrat Prophet advised him the following:
“If you can wake up in the last third part of the night of Friday (the night that connects Thursday to Friday), get up. That moment is a moment that angels witness. The prayer said at that time is accepted. My Brother Ya’qub (Jacob) said to his children the following: ‘I will ask for forgiveness from Allah for you at the night of Friday.”
If you cannot wake up at that time, wake up in the middle of the night. If you cannot wake up at that time either, wake up in the first part of the night. Perform a four-rakah prayer.
Recite the surahs (“chapter” in the Qur’an) of Fatiha and Yasin in the first rakah; in the second rakah, recite the surahs of Fatiha and ad-Duhan; in the third rakah, recite Fatiha and Aliflammim Tandhilus sajdah; in the fourth rakah, recite Fatiha and Tabaraka’l Mufassal. After reciting at-tahiyyat, give thanks to Allah, glorify Him with a good grace and recite salawat (a prayer which is recited when Our Prophet’s name mentioned) both for me and for other prophets. Ask for forgiveness for believers and for believing brothers and sisters who passed by. Then, after you have supplicated the mentioned prayers, recite this supplication;
“O Allah, have compassion on me by making me abandon sins forever as long as You keep me alive. Have pity on me due to the useless things I have attempted. Make it destined for me to do things that You will be pleased with. O My Lord, who is the Creator of the heavens and the earth, and who is Lord of Majesty and Bounty and against whose dignity no one can talk. O Allah! O Rahman! For the sake of your majesty, as you taught me your Holy Book (The Qur’an), please make it easy for me to memorize it. Make it destined for me to read it in a way to please You. O the Creator of the heavens and the earth, I request from You to lighten my eyes, to loosen my tongue, to split my heart, to relieve my breast and to wash my body with Your Holy Book, for the sake of Your Glory. Only You can help me to find the right way, only You can make it destined for me. It is, The power and the strength necessary to reach anything comes only from Almighty Allah .”
“O Abul Hasan (the Father of Hasan), do what I have told you 3 or 7 Fridays. Allah willing, your prayer will be accepted. I swear by Allah who sent me for righteousness that the prayer of any believer that supplicated that prayer was accepted.”
Ibnu Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I swear by Allah that Hazrat Ali, after 5 or 7 Fridays, came to the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) again at the same place and said:
“O the Messenger of Allah! I would learn only four or five ayahs (“verse” in the Qur’an) before. When I recited them on my own, I would forget them. And today, I can learn 40 ayahs and when I recite them on my own, I recite as if the Book of Allah (the Qur’an) is in front of my eyes. I would listen to a hadith before, but when I wanted to repeat it, it flew away from my mind. Today, I am able to tell a hadith to someone whenever I want without missing even a letter after I listen to a hadith from you.”
Thereupon, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said to Hazrat Ali the following:
“O Abul Hasan! I swear by the Lord of the Kaaba that you are a believer.” (Tirmizi, Daawat 125, (3565)).
The Second Answer:
Besides reciting prayers in order to open the mind and to improve the memory, one should comply with material measures and perform the requirements that needed for it. A student who needs to study his lesson, should not only pray wit his/her tongue but should also pray with his body (deeds). This is called the prayer of deed. After doing what is need to be done properly, praying with tongue is called the prayer of word. Like a two-winged bird, s/he can fly wherever s/he wants by performing both the prayer of deed and word.
In addition, in order not to forget what is learned and to save them, some measures needs to be taken. There are factors that lead to forgetfulness. One should be saved from them. Here we will list some of them:
1. To look at haram (forbidden things or people).
2. To be fed with haram.
3. To fill the mind with unnecessary things that tires it. Such as Television, computer...
4. To have too much sexual intercourse that will damage body. Especially masturbation.
5. To idle so much as to prevent the mind from working constantly.
- When is Sajdah as-Sahw (prostration of forgetfulness) required? Where is it be performed?
- Will you explain the hadith about committing sins by mistake and forgetfulness? What is our responsibility here?
- Does uttering basmala before the dua of at-Tahiyyatu invalidate the prayer or does this necessitate sajdah as-sahw (prostration of forgetfulness)?
- Does sajda as-sahw (prostration of forgetfulness) become necessary if we change the places of the invocations that we recite in ruku and sajdah?
- Is sajdah as-sahw (prostration of forgetfulness) necessary if someone reads surah of al-Fatiha instead of at-Tahiyyat by mistake in the first or last sitting of prayer?