6. Miracles of Hazrat Muhammad
- 6.1. MIRACLES ABOUT FUTURE
- 6.2. MIRACLES ABOUT BARAKAH (BLESSING, ABUNDANCE)
- 6.3- MIRACLES ABOUT WATER
- 6.4- MIRACLES ABOUT TREES
- 6.5- MIRACLES ABOUT STONES AND SOIL
- 6.6- MIRACLES ABOUT THE SICK AND THE WOUNDED
- 6.7- MIRACLES ABOUT HIS PRAYERS
- 6.8- MIRACLES ABOUT ANIMALS
- 6.9- MIRACLES ABOUT ANGELS
- 6.10- MIRACLES ABOUT THE PROTECTION OF HAZRAT MUHAMMAD (PBUH)
- 6.11- EXTRAORDINARY EVENTS BEFORE THE PROPHETHOOD OF HAZRAT MUHAMMAD (PBUH)
- 6.12- THE MIRACLES OF SHAQQ-UL QAMAR (SPLITTING OF THE MOON) AND MIRAJ (ASCENSION)
- 6.13- THE GREATEST MIRACLE: THE GLORIOUS QURAN
Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) showed about one thousand miracles upon necessity. Some of them will be explained as examples here.
6.1. MIRACLES ABOUT FUTURE
1. According to an authentic narration, Allah's Messenger said to his companions, "You will be victorious over all your enemies, will succeed in the conquest of Mecca, Khyber, Damascus, Iraq, Persia and Jerusalem, and will share among yourselves the treasures of the rulers of the greatest empires, the Byzantine and the Persians." He did not say this as a matter of conjecture or personal opinion; he said it as if he had seen it, and what he said came true as predicted, despite the fact that at the same time he had to migrate to Madinah with a handful of followers, with the rest of the world, including the environs of the Madinah, hostile to him.(For more information, see Badiuzzaman Said Nursi-Mektubat (Letters).)
2. Also according to an authentic narration, when the Najashi, the Ethiopian ruler, who had accepted faith earlier, died in the seventh year of Hijrah, Allah's Messenger informed his companions about it; he even performed funeral prayers for him. One week later came the news confirming the death of the Najashi on the very same day as the Prophet had seen it.
3. According to an authentic narration, Allah's Messenger said to Fatima, "You will be the first of my family to join me after my death. Six months later, what he said took place.
4. Once, as he awakened in the house of Anas b. Malik's aunt, Umm Haram, he smilingly said:
"I saw my nation waging war on the seas like kings sitting on thrones." She requested:
"Pray that I too will be with them." He said:
You shall be. Forty years later, she accompanied her husband, Ubada b. Samit, on the conquest of Cyprus. She died there, and her grave has since been visited by the believers. Thus, what the Prophet foretold proved to be true.
5. According to an authentic narration, he said, "Istanbul will be conquered, and blessed are the ruler and the troops that will conquer it." He thus gave tidings that Istanbul would be conquered by Muslim hands, and that Mehmed the Conqueror would attain a high spiritual rank. His prediction again proved to be true.
6. Again, according to an authentic narration, he declared, "The fortress of Khyber will be conquered by Ali's hand." As a miracle of his prophethood and beyond all expectation, the following day Ali ripped off the gate of the fortress of Khyber, used it as a shield, and seized the fortress. Then he threw it aside after the conquest.
7. Again, according to an authentic narration, he declared about Utba ibn Abi Lahab: A lion will eat him, informing his tragic sequel. When Utba was going to Yemen, a lion came and ate him. Thus, it confirmed both the curse and news of the Prophet (PBUH).
Acting upon those miracles, do not attempt to explain it by simply saying,
"Muhammad was a wise man!" It is because the accurate information of Muhammad (PBUH) concerning the Unseen cannot be explained except in one of these two ways: you will either suppose that this blessed person has such a keen sight and such a broad genius that he sees and knows the past and the future and all the world; he gazes upon the East, the West and the whole universe; and he discovers that which happened in the past and that which is to happen in the future. Such a quality cannot be found in an ordinary human being, but if it is, it must be a wonder bestowed on him by the Creator of the universe, which would itself be the greatest of miracles. Or you will believe this blessed person to be an official instructed by a Being under Whose governing and observation everything stands, under Whose command are all ages and all species of the universe, in Whose ledger is everything recorded, so that He shows and communicates information to him whenever He wishes. Thus, Muhammad (PBUH) instructs others as he himself is instructed by the Lord of Eternity.
6.2. MIRACLES ABOUT BARAKAH (BLESSING, ABUNDANCE)
Those miracles took place before the eyes many sahabas. Therefore, it is impossible to deny them.
1. During the feast on the occasion of the Prophet's marriage to Zaynab, Anas's mother, Umm Sulaym, prepared a dish by frying two handfuls of dates and sent it with Anas to the Prophet. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) told him, "Go and invite so and so (naming some people), and also invite whoever you encounter on your way." Anas invited those named and those he met. About three hundred Companions came and filled the Prophet's (PBUH) room and the anteroom. Then the Prophet (PBUH) said:
"Make circles of ten." He placed his blessed hand on that little amount of food, uttered supplications, and said, Help yourselves. All of them ate, being fully satisfied. Afterwards the Prophet (PBUH) said to Anas:
Remove the food. Anas later related, "I could not tell if there was more of it when I set it down, or when I removed it."
2. One of the famous sahabas, Abu Ayyub al-Ansari relates that when Allah's Messenger honored his home, he had made a meal for two, which would suffice the Prophet (PBUH) and Abu Bakr. However, the Prophet (PBUH) told him, "Invite thirty men from among the distinguished ones of the Ansar." Thirty men came and ate. He then said, Invite sixty men, They also came and ate. He said again, Invite seventy more. I invited them; they came and ate. When they finished eating, there was still food left in the bowls. All who came there embraced Islam, and took the oath of allegiance after witnessing that miracle. There were one hundred and eighty men who ate that food which was for two people.(Shifa 1;294)
3. Hazrat Umar and Abu Hurayra narrate: During a battle, the army was very hungry. They referred themselves to Allah's Messenger (PBUH). He told them, "Gather whatever food is left in your bags." Everyone brought a few dates. The largest amount someone brought was four handfuls of dates. They put them on a rug. Salama related, "I estimated the amount of the whole thing as the size of a goat lying down." Allah's Messenger prayed and then he announced, "Everyone may bring his dish." They rushed forward, and no one in the whole army remained with an empty dish. After all the dishes had been filled, there was even some left over. One of the Companions later said, "I realized from the way that abundance was obtained that if the whole world had come, the food would have sufficed them all."
4. According to an authentic narration from Abu Talha said: the Prophet (PBUH) fed seventy to eighty men with a small amount of rye bread that Anas had brought under his arm. He ordered, "Break the bread into small pieces." and prayed for abundance. Because there was not enough room, people came in groups of ten and ate it, leaving all full and satisfied.
5. Sound books state definitely that Jabir related under an oath: "During the battle of Khandaq, about a thousand people ate from four handfuls of rye bread and a young cooked goat; yet food was still left over."Hazrat Jabir says: The food had been cooked in my dwelling, and after the one thousand people had left, the pot was still boiling with meat in it, and bread was being made from the dough; the Prophet had wetted that dough and that pot with his blessed mouth, supplicating for abundance." Since that miracle of abundance was announced by Jabir with an oath while those thousand men were present, it can be regarded as having been related by one thousand men.
6. It is related by highly trusted and reliable researchers such as the author of Shifa ash-Sharif, Ibn Abi Shayba and Tabarani that Hazrat Abu Hurayra said:
Allahs Messenger (PBUH) ordered me: "Invite those over one hundred poor Muhajirs who are using the hall of the Masjid as their home." I searched and summoned them all. A plate full of food was placed in front of them, so, we ate as much as we wished. As we rose, the plate was as full as it had been when first placed before us. The finger marks on the food were the only signs of our eating.
This incident is related by Abu Hurayra not on his own, but in the name of the People of the Suffa and relying on their approval. Hence, the incident is as definite as if all the People of the Suffa had related it. Otherwise, is it ever possible that those men of truth and perfection would have remained silent and not contradicted it, had the narration been untrue?
7. According to an authentic narration, Hazrat Ali says: Allah's Messenger (PBUH) once gathered Bani Abdulmuttalib. They were about forty, including some who would eat a young camel and drink a gallon of milk in one meal. Yet, for them, he had prepared only a handful of food; all ate and were satisfied, and the food remained just as it had been before. Later he brought milk in a wooden cup that would have been sufficient for only three or four people. They all drank and were full.
It is a miracle of abundance as definite as the valor and loyalty of Hazrat Ali!
8. According to an authentic narration, on the occasion of the marriage of Hazrat Ali to Fatima az-Zahra (RA), Allah's Messenger (PBUH) ordered Bilal, "Make bread made from a few handfuls of flour; also slaughter a young camel."
Bilal relates: "I brought the food, and he put his hand over it for blessing. Later the Companions arrived in groups, ate, and left. From the remaining food, he sent a full bowl to each of his wives, saying that they should eat and feed from it whoever is nearby."
Such a blessed abundance was indeed necessary for such a blessed marriage!
9. It is reported that Allah's Messenger (PBUH) once ordered Hazrat Umar, "Give food and grain to the four hundred horsemen of the Ahmasi tribe for their journey." Umar replied, "O Messenger of Allah, all the provision put together is not more than the size of a young camel sitting down." The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Give it to them." Out of a half load of dates, Umar gave them an amount enough for four hundred men. After he had given that amount to them, as he later related: Everything was the same as before, without any decrease.
This miracle of abundance took place in relation to four hundred men, especially to Umar; those are the people supporting the narration, and their silence is but a confirmation of the report.
10. Bukhari included, accurate books relate, through an authentic narration, that once Abu Hurayra was hungry, so he followed Allah's Messenger (PBUH) into his home. There they saw that a cup of milk had been brought as a gift. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said to him, "Call all the People of the Suffa." Abu Hurayra relates: "I said to myself, 'I could drink that whole container of milk myself!,' as I was most in need of it. However, since it was the order of the Prophet, I fetched the People of the Suffa, who were more than a hundred." The Prophet told me: Make them drink it I gave the cup to each, one by one, and each drank until satisfied. In the end, the Prophet told me, You and I are left; now you drink. As I drank, the Prophet kept telling me drink more, until I said, 'I swear by the Glorious One Who has sent you with the truth that I am too full to drink any more.' Then the Prophet drank the rest, invoking the name of Allah and thanking Him. "Let it be blessed for him a hundred thousand times!"
This manifest miracle of abundance, as pure, indubitable and sweet as milk itself, is related by all the six accurate books of tradition, above all by Imam Bukhari, who committed to memory five hundred thousand narrations. Is it at all possible that such a truthful person as Abu Hurayra, who devoted all his life to the narrations of the Prophet (PBUH) and to the religion, and who heard and himself transmitted the prophetic narration; "Whoever knowingly tells a lie concerning me should prepare for his seat in hellfire,"(Bukhari, 1:38.) should have related an unfounded incident? Or would not any error in his saying be rejected by the People of Suffa, and harm the accuracy of all the other traditions he had memorized? Allah forbid!
O Allah: for the sake of blessings You have bestowed upon Your Most Noble Messenger, bestow the blessings of abundance upon the favors and nourishments with which You have provided us!
It is well known that once assembled together, weak things become strong. Once fine threads are twisted, they become a strong rope; once strong ropes are wound together, no one can break them. We presented only one miracle from among fifteen different kinds that related to the blessings of abundance; we have seen only one part out of fifteen parts of that part. Each of the examples mentioned is a proof on its own with enough strength to prove prophethood. Once considered altogether, it is impossible to reject them or to deny them.
Certainly, those miracles concerning the blessings of abundance illustrate that Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) is such an honored servant, and such a beloved envoy, of the Merciful and Munificent One Who provides his sustenance and creates the sustenance of all beings, that He changes His own custom for his sake and sends for him in case of need such banquets from the Unseen as He created out of nothing.
As is known, the Arabian peninsula is a place of scarcity of water and agriculture; its people, therefore; its people, therefore, and especially the Companions in the earliest age of Islam, were exposed to scarcity of food, in addition to lack of water that would arise quite frequently. Because of these prevailing conditions, the miracles of great importance were concerned with food and water. Rather than being direct miracles or evidences for the claim of prophethood, these wonders were responses to due needs as a Divine kindness, a gift, and a banquet provided by the Most Compassionate One.
6.3- MIRACLES ABOUT WATER
1. Accurate books of tradition, in particular Bukhari, report through an authentic narration from Hazrat Anas: Hazrat Anas says:
"About three hundred of us were together with Allah's Messenger in the place named Zawra'. He ordered us to perform ablution for the afternoon prayer, but we could not find water. He then told us to bring a little water, which we did, and he dipped his auspicious hands into it. I saw water running from his fingers like a fountain. His three hundred men performed ablution with that water and drank from it."
Hazrat Anas relates this incident in the name of three hundred men. Is it possible that those three hundred people should not have confirmed him or that none of them should have repudiated him if they had not agreed with him?
2. As narrated in accurate books, in particular Bukhari and Muslim, Jabir b. Abdullah al-Ansari says:
"We, fifteen hundred people, had become thirsty during the battle of Hudaybiya. Allah's Messenger performed ablution from a leather water bag called qirba and then dipped his hand into it. I saw that water was running out of the bag like a fountain. Fifteen hundred people drank from it and filled their water bags."
Once Salim b. Abil-Ja'd asked Jabir, "How many of you were there?" He said, "Water would have sufficed even if there had been a hundred thousand, but we were fifteen hundred."
Since that decisive miracle was witnessed by fifteen hundred Companions of the Prophet, its informants in effect number fifteen hundred, for human nature has a tendency to reject lies. As for the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH), who sacrificed their tribes and persons, their fathers and mothers, their lives and all that they possessed for the sake of truth and veracity, they could not have remained silent in the face of a lie, especially in the light of the warning given by the narration, "Whoever knowingly tells a lie concerning me should prepare for his seat in hellfire." Since they remained silent concerning that report they accepted it, joined Jabir, and confirmed his words.
3. Imam Malik relates in his book, 'Muwatta', through Mu'adh b. Jabal: "During the battle of Tabuk, we found a spring that was barely running in the thickness of a thin piece of string. Allah's Messenger ordered, 'Collect a little water.' They put a little water into his palms. Allah's Messenger washed his face and his hands with the water, which he then put in the spring. Suddenly the outlet of the spring widened and water began to well out, which sufficed the whole army."
Another informant, Imam Ibn Ishaq, reports: "The fountain ran with a noise under the earth like that of thunder. Allah's Messenger said to Mu'adh, 'You will see, if your lifetime suffices, that this miraculous water will transform these places into gardens.' And so it did."
4. Accurate books, including those of brilliant authorities in the science of narration such as Ibn Jabir at-Tabari, relate through an authentic narration from Abu Qatada:
"We were going for help, as the commanders had been martyred in the famous battle of Muta. I had a water bag with me. Allah's Messenger commanded, 'Keep your water bag carefully; there will be great need for it.' Soon after, thirst prevailed. We were seventy-two people. Allah's Messenger said, 'Bring me your water bag.' I did, he took the bag and brought its brim to his lips. I do not know whether he blew into it or not. Then seventy-two men came and drank out of the bag and filled their bags. When I had it back, it was full to the brim just as it had been before."
5. Accurate books of narration, including above all Bukhari and Muslim, narrate through Imran b. Husain: Imran says:
"In a battle, we, together with Allah's Messenger, ran out of water. He said to me and Ali, 'There is a woman in such and such a place, riding her beast that is laden with two water bags. Go and fetch her.' Ali and I went to find her in exactly the same place as described, and brought her to the Prophet. He ordered, 'Pour a little water into a vessel,' which we did, and he prayed for blessing. He then commanded that: everyone should come to fill their water bags. All the people came, drank, and filled their bags. Afterwards he ordered: Collect something for the woman, and they filled her skirt."
Imran says, "I imagined that the two water bags were constantly filling. Allah's Messenger told the woman, 'You can go now. We did not take water from you; rather Allah gave us from His treasure.'"
6. Narration scholars, primarily Ibn Huzayma in his Sahih, report from Umar:
"We ran out of water during the battle of Tabuk. Some of us had to slaughter their camels to drink what was inside. Abu Bakr as-Siddiq requested that Allah's Messenger should pray. Allah's Messenger raised his hands, and hardly had he lowered them when the clouds gathered and heavy rain began to fall. After we had filled our vessels, the clouds withdrew immediately. In fact, it was only our area that received the rain; it did not fall outside of it." Thus, no chance was involved in the incident; it was purely a miracle of Muhammad (PBUH).
6.4- MIRACLES ABOUT TREES
One of the various miracles of the Messenger of Allah is that trees obey his orders like human beings and go near him by leaving their places.
1. Hazrat Burayda reports: "When we were together with Allah's Messenger on an expedition, a bedouin came and asked for a miracle. Allah's Messenger said, 'Tell that tree that Allah's Messenger summons her.' Then, when the Prophet pointed at a tree, it swayed and brought itself out with its roots, came to the presence of the Prophet saying, 'Peace be on you, O Messenger of Allah!' The bedouin said, 'Now let it go to its place again.' He commanded and it went. Then the bedouin said 'Allow me to prostrate myself before you.' The Messenger replied, 'No one is permitted to do that.'"(Shifa, 1:299)
2. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) used to lean against the pole called "palm-trunk" when delivering a sermon. When the pulpit of the mosque was built, he started his sermon from the pulpit. The pole began to moan like a camel; the entire congregation heard it. The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) went near the pole, put his hand on it, talked to it, consoled it; then it stopped. That miracle of Hazrat Muhammad was reported by many people.
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, "Its weeping is because of separation from the recitation of the Names of Allah that are uttered in the sermon."
Anas says, "It moaned like a water buffalo and caused the mosque to tremble." Sahl b. Sa'd says, "After this incident, weeping increased among people." Ubayy b. Ka'b says, "It wept so much that it split." According to another report, the Messenger (ASW) said, "Its weeping is because of separation from the recitation of the Names of Allah that are uttered in the sermon."
After that marvelous incident, the Messenger ordered that the pole should be kept under the pulpit. It was put under the pulpit and kept there until the pole was demolished for the restoration of the mosque. Then Ubayy b. Ka'b took it and kept it until it decayed.
As it is seen, trees know the Messenger of Allah and obey him. Human beings should not fall behind trees in terms of obeying him.
The famous scholar Hasan al-Basri would weep whenever he related that marvelous miracle to his students and would say, "A piece of wood demonstrates such love and longing for the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). You need to feel this love more than it does."
Badiuzzaman Said Nursi says "Yes, and loving him can be achieved by love and longing for the Messenger of Allah (PBUH), obedience to his luminous Sunnah and his illustrious Sacred Law.(Nursi, B.S. Mektubat (Letters))
6.5- MIRACLES ABOUT STONES AND SOIL
1. During the Battle of Badr, Allah's Messenger (PBUH) threw a handful of earth and small stones at the army of the unbelievers, saying, "May their faces be black!" That handful of earth penetrated into the eyes of each unbeliever, as the words "May their faces be black!" was heard by every one of them.
2. During the Battle of Hunayn, as well as Badr, Allah's Messenger (PBUH) again threw a handful of earth at the enemy, saying, "May their faces be black!" By Allah's permission, each one of them was hit with a handful of earth and had to retreat, being preoccupied with the earth in his eyes.
As those extraordinary incidents are beyond the ability of man and of material causes, the Qur'an declares; When you threw, it was not your act, but Allah's. (al-Anfal, 8/17). That is, that incident is beyond the power of man. It happened not through the power of man but extraordinarily, through the power of Allah.
6.6- MIRACLES ABOUT THE SICK AND THE WOUNDED
1. The following is reported in Shifa ash-Sharif of Qadi Iyad from Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas: "I was beside Allah's Messenger in the battle of Uhud. He shot arrows until his bow was broken. Then he began giving his arrows to me. Each time he gave me a featherless arrow, he ordered me to shoot it, which I did, and it flew just like one with feathers, piercing an unbeliever's body."
Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas adds: Qatada b. an-Nu'man was hit by an arrow, and one of his eyeballs poked. Allah's Messenger, with his auspicious blessed hand, placed the eyeball back in its socket. The eye healed at once, as if nothing had happened to it, and became even better than the other one.
2. It is also reported through an authentic narration that Abu Qatada was hit in the face with an arrow in the battle of Yawm az-Ziqarad. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) wiped his face with his auspicious hand. Abu Qatada says, "I never felt the pain, nor did the wound fester."
3. Narration scholars, including Imam Bayhaqi, report that once Hazrat Ali was so ill that he could not help moaning. As he was alone and praying for his cure, Allah's Messenger (PBUH) came in and said, "O my Allah, heal him!" He then said to Ali, "Get up!" touching him with his foot. He was cured at once. Ali says, "Since then I have never caught the same illness."
6.7- MIRACLES ABOUT HIS PRAYERS
1. Bukhari and Muslim report that once Allah's Messenger (PBUH) was asked to pray for rain. He prayed, and such a rain descended that they had to say: Pray for it to cease. He prayed again and the rain stopped at once.
2. When the number of the believers was below forty, Allah's Messenger (PBUH) prayed, "O my Allah! Give strength to Islam by means either of Umar b. Khattab or of Umar b. Hisham".(Tirmizi, Manaqib 17.)
Within a few days of his prayer, Umar b. Khattab was converted to the faith and became a means of propagating and exalting Islam.
3. The mother of Anas requested the Messenger (PBUH), Pray for abundance of descendants and wealth for Anas, who is your servant. The Prophet (PBUH) prayed, "O Allah! Give abundance to his wealth and offspring, and bless that which You bestowed upon him!"(Bukhari 8:93).
Anas said in his old age, swearing by Allah, "I have buried a hundred of my children. As for wealth, no one has led such a happy life as I have. You see the abundance of my riches, which is the result of the blessing of the Prophet's prayer."
4. Narration Scholars, including Bayhaqi, report that Allah's Messenger (PBUH) prayed that Abdurrahman b. Awf, one of the ten Companions who were given the glad tidings of Paradise, might have abundance and the blessings of wealth. Through the blessing of that prayer, he acquired such wealth that once he donated seven hundred camels with their loads to the cause of Allah.
5. As reported through an authentic narration, Allah's Messenger (ASW) prayed for Ali (RA), "O Allah, protect him from heat and cold!" Through the benediction of this prayer, Ali (RA) wore summer clothing in winter and winter clothing in summer. He said, "I never suffered from heat or cold."
6. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) also prayed for Hazrat Fatima, "O Allah, do not give her the suffering of hunger!" Fatima said, "Since then I have never suffered from hunger."
7. The Persian Shah Parviz tore up the letter sent to him by the Prophet (PBUH). When Allah's Messenger (PBUH) heard of this, he prayed, "O Allah, rend him and his land as he tore my letter!"
As a result of that malediction, his son Shirviya cut him into pieces with a dagger, and Sa'd b. Abi Waqqas (RA) broke his empire apart, so that no trace of his sovereignty remained anywhere. The Emperor of Byzantium and the rulers of other empires did not perish, however, for they respected the letters of the Messenger (PBUH).
8. Allah's Messenger cursed Utba b. Abi Lahab, saying, O Allah, send one of Your dogs upon him. Some time later, when Utba was on a journey, a lion came, spotted him among the members of the caravan, and killed him. That incident is famous.
6.8- MIRACLES ABOUT ANIMALS
1. Narrated in accurate books of narration, primarily Bukhari and Muslim: During the battle of Khyber, a Jewess roasted a goat and poisoned it with a very strong poison, and then sent it to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH). When his Companions began to eat it, the Prophet (PBUH) suddenly said:
"Raise your hands! The goat tells me that it is poisoned." Everyone withdrew from the table. However, Bishr b. al-Baira', who had eaten only a morsel of it, died from the effect of the poison. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) sent for the Jewess, whose name was Zaynab, and asked her: Why did you do so? The inauspicious woman said, "I considered that if you were a prophet it would not harm you; and if you were a king, I would save the people from you."
2. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) and Hazrat Abu Bakr stopped at the house of Umm Mabad as they were emigrating from Makkah. There was a very thin, barren goat. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) asked:
"Does it not have milk?", Umm Ma'bad replied, "It does not have blood in its veins, how will it have milk?". Allah's Messenger (PBUH) touched its loins, stroked its teats, prayed, and then said, "Bring a vessel and milk it." They did so, and the whole household, as well as Allah's Messenger (PBUH) and Abu Bakr, drank the milk until they were fully satisfied. And the goat kept its newly acquired quality and productivity.
3. Before becoming a Muslim, Ibn Mas'ud was a shepherd. One day, Allah's Messenger and Abu Bakr went to where he was. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) asked him for some milk. He said, "The goats do not belong to me, but to someone else." Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said, "Then, bring me a barren goat." Ibn Mas'ud fetched a goat that had not mated for the past two years. Allah's Messenger (PBUH) stroked her teats and prayed. Then they milked her and delicious milk came forth, which they drank. Ibn Mas'ud became a Muslim upon witnessing that miracle.
4. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri, Salama b. al-Aqwa, Ibn Abi Wahab, Abu Hurayra, and Uhban (a shepherd who became involved in another event) narrate:
A wolf snatched a goat from a herd, but the shepherd rescued the goat. The wolf said, "Don't you fear Allah? You have deprived me of my sustenance!" The shepherd muttered to himself, "How strange! Can a wolf speak?" The wolf replied, "Your state is strange! There is a prophet behind this hill inviting you to Paradise, but you don't know of him!"
Abu Hurayra says: the shepherd asked the wolf, "I will go then, but who will take care of my goats?" "I will," said the wolf, and the shepherd went to see Allah's Messenger, leaving the herd to the care of the wolf. He was converted to faith and returned to find the wolf shepherding the herd with no loss. He then slaughtered a goat and offered it to the wolf, for it had become a teacher for him.
That is, the wolf knows and obeys the Messenger of Allah. Human beings should draw a lesson from it.
6.9- MIRACLES ABOUT ANGELS
1. Traditionists, including Bukhari and Muslim, unanimously report that once the Archangel Gabriel (Jibril) came to Allah's Messenger, as he sat with his Companions, in the form of a man dressed in white, and asked:
"What is Islam, and what is faith, and what is goodness? Describe them" While Allah's Messenger was describing them, the Companions both learned a lesson and saw that person quite clearly. He appeared to be a traveler, but bore no sign of a journey. When he disappeared suddenly, Allah's Messenger said, "Gabriel did so in order to teach you a lesson."
2. Traditionists also report that the Companions would see Gabriel together with Allah's Messenger in the form of Dihya, who had a pleasing face. To sum up, Umar, Ibn Abbas, Usama b. Zaid, Harith, Hazrat Aisha and Umm Salama report, We see Hazrat Gabriel near the Messenger of Allah in the form of Dihya Is it ever possible that they should have said, "We have seen," without really seeing?
3. Abu Sufyan b. Harith Abdulmuttalib, a cousin of the Prophet, reports, In the battle of Badr, we saw horsemen dressed in white between the sky and the earth. During the battle of Badr Abu Sufyan had not become a Muslim yet.
4. One day, Hazrat Hamza told Allah's Messenger, I want to see Gabriel. Allah's Messenger showed Gabriel to him in the Kaaba, but he could not bear it and fell unconscious.
6.10- MIRACLES ABOUT THE PROTECTION OF HAZRAT MUHAMMAD (PBUH)
Traditionists, primarily Bukhari and Muslim, report from Aisha that after the verse, "And Allah will defend you from men." (al-Maeda; 5:70) had been revealed, Allah's Messenger said to those who had guarded him from time to time: "O men, leave me! For Allah, the Great and Mighty, protects me."
Indeed, once Allah's Messenger was appointed by Allah, he challenged all rulers and all religions. With his uncle and his tribe as the greatest enemies, the fact that he was able to take his last breath in his own bed and reach the highest place of the incorporeal abode after twenty-three years with neither guard nor means of protection in the face of numerous plots against him shows how sound a truth the verse "And Allah will defend you from men." indicates.
We will relate a few definite events as examples in this connection.
1. When Allah's Messenger, together with Abu Bakr, took shelter in the cave of Hira in order to be safe from the unbelievers who were in pursuit of them, two pigeons stood guard at the entrance like two sentries, and a spider, like a doorkeeper, covered the entrance of the cave with a thick web.
As Ubayy b. Khalaf, one of the heads of the Quraish, who was killed by Allah's Messenger in the Battle of Badr, was examining the cave. His friends said: Lets enter the cave He replied, "How shall we enter? This web seems to have been spun before Muhammad was born, and there are two pigeons standing there. Would they still be there if someone were in the cave?"
2. It is certainly known that as Allah's Messenger and Abu Bakr were going towards Madinah after leaving the cave of Hira, the heads of Quraish sent a man named Suraqa to try to assassinate them, paying him a considerable amount of money. Allah's Messenger and Abu Bakr saw that Suraqa was coming. As Abu Bakr showed anxiety, Allah's Messenger said, as he had done in the cave, "Do not be sad; Allah is certainly with us." (at-Tawbah; 9:40). He then cast a glance at Suraqa, and his horse's feet became stuck in the sand. Some time later, he slipped out of the sand and began to follow them anew, but he soon became stuck again and saw smoke coming out of where his horse's feet were thrust. Seeing that it was far beyond anyone's ability to lay hands on Allah's Messenger, he had to ask for help. Allah's Messenger freed him, saying, "Go back, and make sure no one else comes."
3. Another certain event is also reported in relation to that incident. When a shepherd saw Allah's Messenger and Abu Bakr, he immediately went to Makkah in order to inform Quraishis, but when he arrived there, he forgot what he had come for. Tried as he might, he could not remember his intention, so he had to turn back. He later realized that he had been made to forget.
4. During the battle of Ghatfan and Anmar, the courageous head of a tribe named Ghuras stealthily approached Allah's Messenger, and holding his sword over the Prophet's head, asked:
"Who will save you from me?" Allah's Messenger replied:
"Allah!" and prayed, "O Allah, protect me from him with something You know." Suddenly, Ghuras was fallen by a blow he received between his shoulders, and his sword slipped out of his hand. Allah's Messenger took the sword and asked him:
"Now who will save you from me?" but then he forgave Ghuras and allowed him to return to his tribe. His men were all surprised at such a courageous man having failed to do anything.
They asked, "What happened to you, why couldn't you do anything?" He told them what had happened, and added:
"I am now coming from the presence of the best of men."
An important inspector appointed by a ruler is recognized by every department of the administration and is connected with each of them, because he has a duty to perform on behalf of the ruler. Similarly, all beings that exist in the departments of this Divine Kingdom, from angels to insects and spiders, know him, recognize him, or have been informed about him. So, he is the Messenger of the Lord of the worlds and the Seal of the Prophets.
6.11- EXTRAORDINARY EVENTS BEFORE THE PROPHETHOOD OF HAZRAT MUHAMMAD (PBUH)
Those extraordinary states are indicated by the Glorious Quran, Jewish scholars, Christian scholars, soothsayers, their holy books and pages.
a-The indication of the Glorious Quran
According to the Qur'an, they are the tidings of Muhammad's prophethood given by the Torah, the Gospel and the Psalms. There are signs in the Quran relating to that news. Since all those books are revelations and those who brought them are prophets, it is fitting that they should certainly have mentioned a being who would supersede their religions, change the shape of the universe, and illumine half of the world with his light. Is it possible that those books, which predict petty events, should not have mentioned the most significant phenomenon of humanity, that is, the prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH)?
1. Allah's Messenger declares to the People of the Book by the tongue of the Qur'an, "Your scriptures describe and confirm me. In whatever I declare, I have the affirmation of your scriptures."
Despite challenging them with verses like: "Say, 'Bring the Torah and read it. Say, 'Come, let us gather together -our sons and your sons, our women and your women, ourselves and yourselves: then let us earnestly pray and invoke the curse of Allah on those who lie! " (Aal-e-Imran; 3:61,93), neither the Jewish scholars nor the Christian priests could ever bring forth a single error of his. If they had been able to, those stubborn and envious unbelievers of whom there were excessive numbers at the time and the whole world of unbelief, would have advertised it everywhere.
b- The information from Jewish and Christian scholars and soothsayers
The Torah, the Gospel and the Psalms have been translated time after time: thus a great many alien words have become intermingled with them. In addition, the sayings of the interpreters and their wrong interpretations have been confused with the original verses, and the distortions of ignorant and hostile men were also incorporated. Thus, alterations and corruptions were multiplied in the scriptures. Once the famous scholar Sheikh Rahmatullah Al-Hindi silenced the priests and the Christian and Jewish scholars by proving to them the changes made in thousands of places in those books. However, even now, after so many corruptions, the celebrated Husain Al-Jisri extracted from the previous scriptures one hundred and ten pieces of evidence concerning the prophethood of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH).
1. Many Jewish and Christian scholars acknowledged and admitted; that the characteristics of Muhammad (SAW) were evident from their scriptures:
"The characteristics of Muhammad (PBUH) are evident in our scriptures." The famous Roman Emperor Heraclius, who was a non-Muslim himself, said, "Yes, Jesus foretold Muhammad's coming."
2. Another Roman ruler, Muqawqis, the governor of Egypt, and celebrated Jewish scholars such as Ibn Suriya, Zubayr b. Bativa, Ibn Ahtab and his brother Ka'b b. Asad, although remaining non-Muslim admitted, "Indeed, our books include his qualities. They mention him.
3. A famous Christian scholar named Daghatr, after seeing the description of the Prophet (PBUH), also entered the fold of Islam and was martyred when he announced his conversion to the Byzantines.
4. From among the Christian leaders, Harith b. Abi Shumar al-Ghasani and the prominent rulers and religious leaders of Damascus such as Sahib al-Ilba, Heraclius, Ibn Natur and al-Jarud entered the fold of Islam, after seeing the Prophet's description in their books. Of them, only Heraclius concealed his conversion for the sake of worldly kingship.
5. Like those people, Salman al-Farisi was also formerly a Christian, who began searching for the Prophet (PBUH) after seeing his description in the Bible; Salman found him and believed in him.
6. A distinguished scholar named Tamim, as well as the Christians of Ethiopia and the priests of Najran, all unanimously declared: We have seen in our books the description of the Prophet (PBUH) so we believed in him."
7. Among the rulers of Yemen, one named Tubba' saw the description of the Prophet (PBUH) in the scriptures, believed in him, and proclaimed his belief with this poem:
"I bear witness to Ahmad, for he is a messenger from Allah. Were I to live long enough to see him, I would be a minister and a cousin to him." That is, "I would be like Ali"
8. Sayf b. Dhiyazan, the ruler of Yemen, learned the description of Allah's Messenger from the earlier scriptures and believed in him. When Abdulmuttalib, the grandfather of Allahs Messenger (PBUH), went to Yemen with some other men from Quraishis, Sayf summoned them and said:
"A child will be born in Hijaz, with a mark between his two shoulders that resembles a seal. He will be the leader of humanity." Then, in private, he told Abdulmuttalib, "You are his grandfather." He thus gave, in a wondrous way, the tidings of Muhammad (PBUH) before his prophethood.
9. Ibn al-Ala, a renowned Christian scholar, gave tidings of Muhammad (PBUH) before his mission had begun and without even seeing him. Later, when he met Allah's Messenger (PBUH), he said:
"By the One Who sent you with the truth, I have found your description in the Gospel of Jesus, and the son of Mary (Maryam) gave glad tidings of your coming."
10. The Negus (Najashi) of Ethiopia said:
"I wish I were in Muhammad's service rather than being a sovereign king. That service is higher than sovereignty."
11. A famous foreteller named Shiqq, who looked very much like half a man with only one eye, one arm and one leg, repeatedly foretold the messengership of Muhammad (PBUH), and his reports have been recorded in history books, with the certainty of tawatur in meaning.
12. The famous foreteller of Damascus, Satih, was a monstrosity; he lacked bones, even limbs, had a face that looked like a part of his breast, and lived a very long life. He was highly reputed for his predictions. In fact, Khusraw, the Persian ruler, once sent him a learned man named Muyzan to ask for the interpretation of a strange dream of Khusraw and the meaning of the collapse of the fourteen pillars of his palace that had occurred on the night of Muhammad's (PBUH) birth. Satih said:
"Fourteen rulers will reign, and then your empire will be utterly destroyed. A man will come with a religion, and will abolish both your religion and empire." In that clear statement, Satih predicted the arrival of the last Prophet.
c- The signs in holy books and pages
Here we will point out from the New Testament (Gospel), the Old Testament (Torah) and Psalms a few examples of verses regarding our Prophet.
1. The first verse from the Gospel: "I am leaving so that He may send you the Paraclete, that is, Ahmad.
2. A second verse from the Gospel: "I ask from my Lord for the Paraclete (he who distinguishes between right and wrong) that he may abide with you forever."
3. The sixteenth chapter and seventh verse of the Gospel of John is as follows: "But I am telling you the truth. My departure is but for your benefit. For, unless I depart, the Comforter will not come."
Now, who else other than Muhammad (PBUH) is to be the true Comforter for humanity? Certainly, he is the one who will save the transient humanity from eternal annihilation and thus comfort it, and he is the one whose coming to the earth has made the whole world proud and thankful.
4. The sixteenth chapter and eighth verse of the Gospel of John: When he comes, he will give the world convincing evidence concerning its sin, concerning goodness and concerning judgment."
Who else other than Muhammad (PBUH) has come to transform the world's mischief into goodness, save humanity from evil deeds and polytheism and revolutionize the politics and rule of the nations of the world?
5. The sixteenth chapter and eleventh verse of the Gospel of John: The decree for the Chief of the World to come has been sent."
Here "the Chief of the World" is certainly Muhammad (PBUH), known as the master of humanity.
6. The twelfth chapter and thirteenth verse of the Gospel of John: But when he, the Spirit of Truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth, for he shall not speak of himself, whatsoever he shall hear that shall he speak, and he will tell you things to come."
Now that verse is undoubtedly clear. Who is, or who could be, that person other than Muhammad (ASW), who invited the whole of humanity to the truth, whose every statement was based on revelation, who announced whatsoever he received from Gabriel, and who informed humanity in detail about Doomsday and the Hereafter?
7. Again, the Turkish translation of Johns Gospel, Chapter fourteen, and verse thirty is as follows: I shall not speak with you for much longer, for the chief of the world is coming, and I am nothing compared with him. Thus, the title Chief of the World means Glory of the World. And the title of Glory of the World is one of the most famous of Muhammad (PBUH), the Arabians titles.
8. The Gospel also describes him as "wearing a crown." What is meant here is a turban, for in former days it was the Arabs who generally wore headcover with a wrapper around them. Hence, the description refers of a certainty to Muhammad (PBUH).
9. The term Paraclete in the Gospel is defined in Biblical interpretation as "the one who distinguishes good from evil.; he is the person who will lead the humanity of future times to the right.
10. Jesus said in the Gospel, I will go so that the Chief of the World will come.
Who else other than Muhammad (PBUH) had come as the leader of humanity after Jesus, distinguishing good from evil and guiding man? Jesus always gave his followers the good tidings that "One will come, and there will be no longer any need for me. I am a forerunner of his, and bring the good news of his coming." Confirming that, is the following verse from the Qur'an:
"And remember, Jesus, the son of Mary, said, 'O Children of Israel! I am Allahs Messenger to you, confirming that which was revealed before me in the Torah and bringing the good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad (as-Saff, 61/6).
Certainly, Jesus gave in the Gospel the good news many times, the news that the most significant leader of humanity was to come, and he mentioned him with some names and titles in Syriac and Hebrew that mean, as scholars in the field confirmed, Ahmad, Muhammad, and Fariq (distinguishing between truth and falsehood). That is, Jesus frequently gave the good tidings of Ahmad (PBUH)
1. A verse from the Torah: "O Moses, verily I shall send them a Prophet like you, from the sons of Israel, the sons of Ismaeel; I shall place My Word in his mouth, and shall punish whoever does not accept the words of the one who will speak in My Name."
2. Another verse from the Torah: Moses said, 'O Lord! Verily I have found in the Torah the best of Ummahs that will emerge for the benefit of humanity, that will enjoin the good and forbid the wrong, and that will believe in Allah. Let it be my Ummah!' Allah said, 'That is the Ummah of Muhammad.'"
3. Abdullah b. Amr b. As, who made extensive studies of the earlier scriptures, Abdullah b. Salam, who was the earliest to accept Islam from among the famous Jewish scholars, and the famous scholar Ka'b al-Ahbar all pointed in the Torah, which was not then corrupted to its present extent, the following verse, which, after addressing Moses, addresses the Prophet yet-to-come:
"O Prophet, verily We have sent you as a witness, a bearer of glad tidings, a warner and a protection for the unlettered. You are My bondsman, and I have named you 'the reliant on Allah.' You will not be harsh, stem and clamorous in the marketplaces; nor will you requite evil with evil, but instead pardon and forgive. Allah shall not take you unto Himself until you straighten a crooked people by causing them to say, 'There is no god but Allah."(Isaiah 42.)
4. Another verse from the Torah: Muhammad is Allah's Messenger, his birthplace is Makkah, he will emigrate to Tayba, his rule will be in Damascus, and his Ummah will be constantly engaged in praise.
5. The following verse is in the Thirty-Third Section of the Fifth Book of the Torah: "The Lord came from Sinai, rose up unto us from Seir, and shined forth from Mount Paran."
In that verse, with the phrase "the Lord came from Sinai," the prophethood of Moses is mentioned: with the phrase "rose up unto us from Seir" (Seir being the mountains of Damascus) the prophethood of Jesus is indicated. Finally the phrase "He shined forth from Mount Paran" (the Paran mountains being the mountains of Makkah), gives tidings of the prophethood of Muhammad (PBUH).
6. Moreover, confirmed by the sentence at the end of Chapter al-Fath, "This is their similitude in the Torah." is the following verse of the Torah concerning the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) who would shine forth from the Paran Mountains: "The flags of the blessed ones will be with him and they will be on his right." In the verse, the Companions of the Prophet (PBUH) are described as "the blessed ones," that is, his Companions are blessed, righteous men, the beloved ones of Allah.
1. A verse in the Psalms: O David (Dawood)! A prophet will come after you. His name is Ahmad, Muhammad, Sadiq and Sayyid. His ummah is treated with mercy.
2. The following verse is in the seventy-second section of the Psalms "And he will reign from sea to sea, and from the River to the ends of the earth. The kings of Yemen and the Islands all will bring their gifts. And to him all the kings will prostrate themselves. All the nations will serve him... And he will live, and in his behalf prayer will be made constantly. All day long he will be praised. His name will prove to be time indefinite. It will continue as long as the sun..."
Those verses clearly describe the Glory of the World, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Since Prophet David who other than Muhammad (PBUH) has come to propagate his religion from East to West, to subject lands to pay tax in his name, to make many rulers obedient in deep adoration for him, and to gain every day the prayers and remembrance of one fifth of the humanity and whose light shines from Madinah? Is there anyone else but him?
1. The books of other prophets include names that correspond in Syriac and Hebrew to the various names of the Prophet (PBUH) such as Muhammad, Ahmad and Mukhtar. For example, in the tablets of the Prophet Shu'aib (Jethro) his name is Mushaffaf and means "Muhammad."
2. In the Torah of Moses, he is mentioned as Munhamanna, which again means "Muhammad," and as Himyata, which means "the Prophet of al-Haram." In the Psalms of David, he is named al-Mukhtar. Again in the Torah of Moses, the name is al-Khatam al-Khatam. Both in the Torah of Moses and in the Psalms of David, it is Muqim as-Sunna. In the Pages of Abraham and in the Torah of Moses, he is mentioned as Mazmaz, and again in the Torah of Moses as Ahyad.
Allah's Messenger (PBUH) said, "In the Qur'an, my name is Muhammad, in the Gospel Ahmad, and in the Torah Ahyad."(Al Anwarul Muhammadiyya Minal Mawahibil Ladunniyya, p.143)
There are a lot of sections and verses mentioning, with great significance, a prophet that will come in the future in the Torah, Gospel, Psalms and Pages of the other prophets. Who can other than Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH), the last Prophet, be that person that is mentioned with great significance and repeatedly by all of those prophets and in the holy books and pages?
To conclude, numerous wonderful events became evident confirming, or causing others to confirm, his prophethood even before he declared his message.
It is quite natural and appropriate that all species of creatures, with their wondrous states, inform the coming of a person who will be the spiritual leader of the world, who will change the inner structure of the world, who will rescue transitory man and jinn from eternal annihilation with the realities of belief he brought.
6.12- THE MIRACLES OF SHAQQ-UL QAMAR (SPLITTING OF THE MOON) AND MIRAJ (ASCENSION)
1. One of the great miracles of Allahs Messenger (PBUH), is the splitting of the moon, that is shaqq-ul qamar. That miracle was related through various channels, to the degree of tawatur, and by the foremost among the Companions such as Ibn Mas'ud, Ibn Abbas, Ibn Umar, Ali, Anas and Hudhayfa. The Qur'an expresses it as follows:
The Hour is nigh and the moon split (al-Qamar, 54/1); the verse announced that great miracle to the world. To that verse, even the stubborn unbelievers of the time could not respond with denial; all that they said was, "It is magic." Thus, the splitting of the moon is certain even from the viewpoint of the unbelievers.
2. As Allah's Messenger (PBUH) showed the inhabitants of the earth the miracle of the splitting of the moon, so too, he showed the inhabitants of the heavens a still greater miracle of his, the 'Night Journey' or the 'Ascension.'
Miraj is the miracle of the ascension of (PBUH) to the presence of God Almighty with his soul and body, which is one of the greatest miracles. That is, it is Hazrat Prophet (PBUH)s ascension to the presence of Allah. In other words, it is his rising above all the rest of the universe, surpassing all beings, and holding a universal, elevated, and all-embracing conversation with the Creator of all beings.
When the Prophet (PBUH) informed Quraishis about his Ascension the following morning, they dismissed it as false, and said, "If you have really traveled to the Masjid al-Aqsa in Jerusalem, then describe to us its doors, walls and condition." Allah's Messenger (PBUH) later said:
"I was annoyed by their question and denial in a way that had never happened to me before. Suddenly, Allah Almighty lifted the veil between me and the Masjid al-Aqsa and manifested it to me, so that I looked at it, saw it, and described it." Thus, Quraishis saw that he gives the correct description of Masjid al-Aqsa.
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said to Quraishis: "On the way I saw a caravan of yours. It will arrive at such and such a time tomorrow." Then, they started to wait for that caravan. The caravan was delayed for an hour. The sun was delayed, as the scholars confirm it, for an hour too in order to confirm Allahs Messenger. That is, the earth and the sun stopped their duty for an hour in order to prove his word.
The earth stops its duty and the sun becomes a witness in order to confirm only one word of Prophet Muhammad. You can understand what the people who do not accept him and do not obey him lose and how fortunate those who say we listened to him and obeyed him are.; say praise be to Allah for the blessings of belief and Islam.
6.13- THE GREATEST MIRACLE: THE GLORIOUS QURAN
The proof of prophethood is only possible by miracles. The greatest miracle of Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) is the Glorious Quran. It is because the Quran is a miracle that will maintain its uniqueness and wonder from the time it was sent down until the Day of Judgment and a miracle that will live eternally. It is impossible to imitate. The fact that the Quran is a miracle is a reality that was accepted and approved by the Islamic world.
As the art of magic was widespread at the time of Moses, the important miracles that appeared with him were of appropriate nature; and the practice of medicine was prevalent at the time of Jesus, the miracles prevailing then were of the same kind. Similarly, four crafts were in great popularity at the time of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH):
First: eloquence and fluency in writing.
Second: poetry and oratory.
Third: soothsaying and divination.
Fourth: knowledge about the events of the past and the facts of cosmology.
When the Qur'an came, it challenged at the same time the experts in those four fields.
First, it made the men of eloquence bow down before it. They all listened to it with amazement.
Second, it stunned the poets and orators so that they bit their fingers in astonishment. Their most beautiful poems written in gold were given a blow, and the famous Seven Poems that were placed on the walls of the Kaaba as an object of pride were brought down.
Third, it also silenced the soothsayers and magicians, made them forget about their discoveries of hidden knowledge, resulted in the expulsion of the jinn from the heavens, and brought the process of divination to a certain end.
Fourth, it rescued from myth and fabrications those who were cognizant of the events of bygone times and the facts of cosmology, teaching them the real story of past events and the illuminating knowledge of the facts of creation.
Thus, those four groups bowed down before the Qur'an in astonishment and respect and became its students. None of them ever dared dispute with a single verse of it.
Certainly, they never dared dispute, although the Most Wise Qur'an challenged them continuously for twenty-three years in a way that irritated them and incited their stubborn reaction, saying in effect:
"Bring the like of this Qur'an by means of an unlettered person like Muhammad (PBUH)!
If you cannot do that, let it be not an unlettered person, but the most learned and literary one.
If you cannot do that, let it not be one person, but gather all your learned and eloquent ones and let them help each other. Also invoke the aid of your gods in whom you place trust.
This too you cannot do: so make use of all the books of the highest eloquence that have ever been written and those that are still to be written, ask for their aid, and produce the like of the Qur'an.
Still you cannot produce an equal to the whole Qur'an; so let it be the like of only ten chapters (suras) of it.
If you cannot match any ten suras truly and in all respects, then make them up from baseless stories and imaginative tales, and bring about something that will match only the poetry and eloquence of the Qur'an.
If you still cannot succeed, then bring the like of only one sura.
And not a long one; the equal of any short sura will suffice! Otherwise your religion, your lives and properties will be at stake both in this world and in the hereafter!"
With those eight alternatives, the Qur'an has been challenging and silencing men and jinn, not for twenty-three years, but for more than fourteen centuries. Nonetheless, those unbelievers did not have recourse to the easiest way, that is, open debate, but chose from the beginning the most dreadful way, to wage war, putting in danger their lives and properties and their households. Thus, dispute must certainly have been impossible.
Otherwise no man of wisdom, especially those of the Arabian peninsula of that time and especially those intelligent men of Quraish, would have had resorted to the most difficult way, if any literary man among them had been able to produce the like of a single sura of the Qur'an and thus save them from the attacks of the Qur'an.
In summary, as the famous Jahiz put it, "Dispute by words was impossible, and they had to resort to struggle by the sword.