What does belief in Allah mean? Is it possible for us to see Allah and to comprehend His true nature?
• What does belief in Allah mean?
It means to believe in the existence and oneness of Allah and to know him very well through His names and attributes.
Belief in Allah is the base of all religions. The need to believe in Allah, to rely on Him and to worship Him is inherent in the nature of man. That feeling was born together with man and continued in each period.
It is one of the evidences of the existence of Allah because the nature of man does not tell lies. Since there is a need to believe in and rely on a sublime Creator, to worship Him and to supplicate Him and receive what one needs from Him, then, it is impossible for that sublime Creator not to exist. It will mean to deny the nature of man. Even if there are no other evidences, that evidence of creation and conscience is sufficient light to understand the existence of Allah.
As a matter of fact, those who dare to deny Allah, have to turn to Allah and ask His help when they are in trouble. However, as soon as the trouble is over, they return to their previous state. You probably saw and heard a lot of examples regarding the issue. That issue is pointed out in the Glorious Quran as follows:
“ When trouble toucheth a man, he crieth unto Us (in all postures)― lying down on his side, or sitting or standing. But when We have solved his trouble, he passeth on his way as if he had never cried to Us for a trouble that touched him! Thus do the deeds of transgressors seem fair in their eyes.)” (Yunus, 12)
“ Now if they embark on a boat, they call on Allah, making their devotion sincerely (and exclusively) to Him; but when He had delivered them safely to (dry) land, Behold, they give a share (of their worship to others).” (al-Ankabut, 65).
• Is it possible for us to see Allah and to comprehend His true nature?
It is impossible for man to see Allah in person in this world and to understand His real nature.
It is because the mind and the feelings of man are limited. They are not enough to comprehend the true nature of Allah. However, man can afford to understand His existence and oneness by looking at the creatures and to know His endless power, and His other attributes and names.
Therefore, Allah prohibited us from thinking His personality and His true nature; He ordered us to know His existence and oneness and to know His attributes and names.
The following is stated in a hadith:
“Look at the skies and the earth and look at yourselves in order to understand the existence and oneness of Allah; and think about the fineness in their creation that fascinates the mind and that they cannot occur alone. They are the signs that show the existence and oneness of Allah. However, do not think about the personality and the true nature of Allah. Do not start to think about ‘Is Allah like this or like that?’, How does He see and hear?’ Your strength will not be enough for it. No matter how hard you try, you cannot know or realize it well. You will be confused. Your criteria of knowledge and experience will not suffice.”
If we think of it a bit, we can understand through our minds that it is impossible to comprehend the true nature of Allah. The chick in the egg is certainly not expected to know the world outside the egg. The human mind is no different from the chick in the egg in terms of knowing the magnificent universe and the realms in the universe that Allah created. Therefore, it is not possible for the mind with its extremely limited comprehension capacity to comprehend the true nature of the being that created the universe when one thinks about it through his mind.
Mehmed Kırkıncı explains the issue as follows:
“Suppose that a man lived in a cave and did not see any light and that he was taken out of the cave very early in the morning before the sun rose. When the man who was dazzled by the light that came from everywhere was told that the light came from the sun, he would wonder about the sun and would try to know about it.
It is obvious that, no matter how he visualized the sun in his imagination, he would not be able to understand the sun and he would imagine different things each time he imagined the sun. He would liken the sun to the things he saw around him; each likening would be wrong.
If to believe in the sun were a fundamental of belief for that man, no matter how he imagined the sun, he would commit polytheism. The only thing he could do would be to realize that the light came from a sun but he would not be able to know the true nature of that sun. As a matter of fact, the belief that is expected from him is just that.
As the man in the example cannot understand the sun, man cannot know the real nature of the sultan called spirit that rules the country of his body. Although we know that our body stands with the spirit, that the body will collapse when the spirit leaves it that the sultan watches this world through the window of the eye, observes the world of sounds through the instrument of ear and tastes everything through the scale of tongue, we do not know the real nature of the spirit. No matter what we say about its true nature, it will be contrary to the truth; no matter how we imagine the entity of the spirit, we will make mistakes about it.
Man, who is too weak to understand the entity of the sun that he has not seen before and who is too ignorant to know the true nature of his own spirit, cannot understand, by any means, the Majestic Creator and the Perfect Owner of the whole realms, who is free from time and space; it will be a great error and madness to try to understand His entity and it is an aberrant thought that will make man fall into polytheism.” (Hikmet Pırıltıları: Wisdom Glitters)